azeRepublic of Azerbaijan is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia,it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and has an 10 km (6.2 mi) long border with Turkey in the northwest.

BakuBaku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Baku is located 28 metres (92 ft) below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level. Baku lies on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, alongside the Bay of Baku. At the beginning of 2009, Baku's urban population was estimated at just over two million people. Officially, about 25% of all inhabitants of the country live in Baku's metropolitan area. Baku is the sole metropolis in Azerbaijan. 

Gabala 1Gabala is a city in the Republic of Azerbaijan and the capital of the Qabala Rayon. The municipality consists of the city of Gabala and the village of Küsnat. Before the city was known as Kutkashen, but after the Republic of Azerbaijan's independence the town was renamed in honour of the much older city of Gabala, the former capital of Caucasian Albania, the archaeological site of which is about 20 km southwest.

GanjaGanja, Azerbaijan’s second city, dates back 1,500 years. Different rulers controlled the region including Arabs, Persians, Turks and Russians. Each left their mark on the architecture and culture. Here are the top attractions in Ganja from ancient mosques to the largest park in the Caucasus.

Lenkoran 2Lankaran is one of the most beautiful cities in Azerbaijan. It is located on the coast of the Caspian Sea. This city is in the south of Azerbaijan, and it is a neighbor with Iran. The population of Lankaran is about 226.799, and it is for 2018. The history of the city goes back to the Neolithic period. There are some human settlements found in this area. Besides, some of the ruins date back to the periods of Bronze and Iron Ages. As this city is near the Caspian Sea, there are sandy beaches here.

Mingacevir 02Mingachevir: One of the youngest cities of Azerbaijan, Mingachevir, was founded in 1945. Today, this well-groomed flowering city located in a picturesque area on the banks of the Kura River is not only the main energy center of Azerbaijan (65% of all electricity in the country is generated here), but it is of considerable interest from the point of view of tourism development. Mingachevir is also known as a sports forge. In particular, it is here that the well-known KÜR Olympic Sports and Training Center is located, where athletes from different countries come to train. It is worth visiting Mingachevir, if only to taste delicious Kura fish in the shade of cozy cafes, relax on the azure beaches of the Mingachevir reservoir or take a breeze through Kura on a pleasure boat.

QubaQuba is also called the land of apples – orchards stretching for kilometers with the most delicious and juicy fruits made it famous far beyond the borders of Azerbaijan.

One of the favorite tours for tourists is Guba tour. After driving only two hours to the north of the country, you find yourself in a historical city founded in the IV century, famous for ancient mosques, famous for its unique carpets. Only in the Guba district, you can meet original villages – a kind of ethnographic open-air museum, in each of which the peoples living in them speak their unique language.

Shamakhi 5Shamakhi (or Shamakhi) is the ancient capital of Azerbaijan, a city located in the southern part of the Greater Caucasus, on the Baku-Tbilisi highway, 122 kilometers from Baku and 72 kilometers north-east from the Kurdamir railway station. Shemakha lies at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level. As of 2009, 43,300 people live in the city.

Sheki 01Sheki is an old town with beautiful buildings from the golden years of the Silk road. Rolling hills with lush green forests that beckon you to explore them. Delicious Azeri cuisine and local specialties hard to get elsewhere. Sheki has every reason to include it in a trip to the Caucasus, but few people visit this region.Maybe I should not write about Sheki and keep it a secret. Walking through the old town without any other tourists was part of its charm. Add friendly people and good food and I was hooked.The Caucasus has always been the battleground of different empires. Sheki once belonged to the Persians, Romans, Parthians, Arabs, Mongolians and Russians.

Zaqatala 05Zaqatala 

 Zaqatala is a city in northwest Azerbaijan. With a municipal population of 31,300 inhabitants, it is located northwest of Sheki, by the Tala River and is the main municipality of the Zaqatala rayon. The municipality consists of the city of Zaqatala and the nearby village of Qazangül. The city is populated by a variety of ethnic groups, each speaking their own (linguistically unrelated) languages, including Azerbaijani and Tsakhur.